The Most Important Japanese Lesson Yet!

By | 9 August 2017

Public transportation is huge in Japan. You will most likely have to catch a bus in some unspecified time in the future. So, it would be best to ask questions resembling, “is that this bus certain for Tokyo?” You will most likely additionally want to inform individuals issues resembling, “I have to get off the practice at Nagano station.” Phrases and questions like these are the important thing to getting round in Japan.

This Newbie Japanese article is right here that will help you! You’ll learn to ask and reply questions on the place you are attempting to go. Ask Kono basu wa Tokyo-iki desu? (“Is that this bus certain for Tokyo?”) and related questions in Japanese. This Japanese article is the important thing to getting the place you’re headed!

Vocabulary: On this article, you may study the next phrases and phrases:

waza waza – “taking a lot hassle”

agaru – “to enter, to return up” (class 1 verb)

kaeru – “to return” (class 1 verb)

yuuhan – “night meal”

ekimae – “in entrance of the station”

umai – “scrumptious, tasty” (-i ending adjective)

uisukii – “whiskey”

koori – “ice”

hantai – “reverse”

kansha – “thanks, gratitude”

shoojiki – “actually, sincere”

betsu – “completely different, one other”

Grammar: On this article, you may study the next phrases and phrases:

Helpful Vocabulary and Phrases

yuuhan “supper, night meal”

There are a number of phrases which means “supper” in Japanese:

yuu-gohan

ban-gohan

yuu-shoku

yuuhan

yumeshi (very casual and sounds masculine)

banmeshi (very casual and sounds masculine)

Please additionally overview “breakfast” and “lunch:”

Breakfast:

asa-go-han

choo-shoku

asa-meshi (very casual and sounds masculine)

Lunch:

o-hiru-go-han

hiru-go-han

o-hiru

hiru

chuu-shoku

hiru-meshi (very casual and sounds masculine)

hantai “opposition”

When we add -suru or o suru , it turns into a verb which means “to oppose.” The other phrase is sansei, which implies “approval.” The particle ni follows the article one opposes or agrees with.

Instance

Musume no kekkon ni hantai suru.

“I am against my daughter’s marriage.”

Immediately’s Goal Phrase

Tokyo ni kaetta.

“She went again to Tokyo.

The verb conjugations that make the –ta type of a verb, or the plain previous type of a verb, are at this time’s grammar level. The formation of the plain previous type is kind of easy: change the ultimate sound of the –te type from –te to –ta.

-ta Type of Verbs

  1. Conjugate a verb to the –te type. SEE Newbie Sequence Season four, Articles 19, 20, 21, and 22 for extra particulars.
  2. Drop the -te and add –ta

“English” / Dictionary Kind / Te Kind / Ta Kind

“to purchase” / kau / katte / katta

“to jot down” / kaku / kaite / kaita

“to talk” / hanasu / hanashite / hanashita

“to attend” / matsu / matte / matta

“to die” / shinu / shinde / shinda

“to drink” / nomu / nonde / nonda

“to make” / tsukuru / tsukutte / tsukutta

“to swim” / oyogu / oyoide / oyoida

“to ask” / yobu / yonde / yonda

“to go” / iku / itte / itta

“to eat” / taberu / tabete / tabeta

“to return” / kaeru / kaette / kaetta

“to do” / suru / shite / shita

“to return” / kuru / kite / kita

Formal Speech and Casual Speech

Politeness Stage / Formal Speech / Casual SpeechNon-Previous Affirmative / Watashi wa Tokyo ni kaerimasu. / Watashi wa Tokyo ni kaeru.

Non-Previous Unfavourable / Watashi wa Tokyo ni kaerimasen. / Watashi wa Tokyo ni kaeranai.

Previous Affirmative/ Miu wa Tokyo ni kaerimashita. / Miu wa Tokyo ni kaetta.

Previous Unfavourable / Miu wa Tokyo ni kaerimasen deshita. / Miu wa Tokyo ni kaeranakatta.

Notes:

*Non-past dictionary type of a verb: See Nihongo Doojoo, “Fashion You and Past, Articles 19, 20, 21, and 22,” for extra particulars.

*Non-polite previous type of a verb: See Newbie Season four Article 23 for extra particulars.

*Please observe thatthe non-past plain destructive type of a verb conjugates as -i ending adjectives to get the previous type. Change the ultimate -i to katta.

For Instance:

  1. kaeranai turns into keranakatta
  2. minai turns into minakatta

This grammar level hasn’t been defined within the Nihongo Doojoo sequence but.

Follow 1:

Fill within the blanks to finish the chart.

Class 1 Verbs

“English” / Dictionary Kind / Plain Unfavourable Kind / -Te Kind / -Ta Kind

“to hear” / kiku / kikanai / kiite / kiita

“to lend” / —- / kasanai / kashite / —-

“to attend” / matsu / —- / —- / —-

“to learn” / —- / yomanai / —- / —-

“to know” / —- / —- / wakatte / —-

“to go” / iku / —- / itte / —-

“to say” / iku / iwanai / itte / —-

“to fulfill” / au / —- / —- / —-

Class 2 Verbs

“English” / Dictionary Kind / Plain Unfavourable Kind / -Te Kind / -Ta Kind

“to sleep” / neru / nenai / nete / —-

“to look” / miru / —- / —- / —-

Class three Verbs

“English” / Dictionary Kind / Plain Unfavourable Kind / -Te Kind / -Ta Kind

“to do” / —- / —- / shite / —-

“to return” / kuru / —- / kite / —-

Follow 2:

Change the formal speech to informal speech.

  1. Terebi o mimashita.
  2. Yhan o tabemashita.
  3. Nihon-go o benky shimashita.
  4. Kin Nihon ni kimashita.
  5. Wakarimashita.
  6. Mizu o nomimashita.
  7. Takush de ikimashita.  

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